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Before transporting Isopropanol, it is essential that any material to be carried has been packed and labelled in the correct manner. Full details of Isopropanol Packaging and Isopropanol Labelling can be found on the relevant pages of this website.
Isopropanol is also commonly known as Isopropyl Alcohol, IPA, Rubbing Alcohol and Propan-2-ol. All these names refer to essentially the same material. IPA is classed as Hazardous for Transport and it a recognised Flamable Liquid. The substance must be marked with applicable marking appropriate to its carriage and when transport documents are required, these must contain a description of the load on the vehicle.
IPA can be carried up to 3 litres per receptable and up to 30 kilos maximum in a package to be classed as a Limited Quantity. Markings for this would be the UN (United Nations) Number, contained in a white diamond displayed on the package. For IPA the Un Number of 1219. Above Limited Quantities, then a Flammable diamond is needed for Class 3 Dangerous Goods, with the UN Number indelibly marked on the package in letter above 6 mm. Transport documents must accompany loads of IPA above Limited Quantities and include in the description the following information:-
For Isopropanol or IPA, the document would read as follows:-
IPA is classed as a Packing Group II, Dangerous Goods for Transport. The best test criteria for Packing Group II Flammables is a flash point (closed cup) of less than 23 degrees Centigrade and a boiling point of greater than 35 degrees Centigrade.
All hazard labells applied for carriage purposes must be able to withstand open-weather conditons without substantial reduction in effectiveness.
IPA can be transported in combination packages consisting of inner packages made from glass, plastics or metal and outer packages of drums, boxes or jerricans. Regulations governing the Carriage of Dangerous Goods specify limits for maximum capacities of combination packages; these range from 60 kilos of Packing Group I to 400 kilos of Packing Group III. Limits are dependent on the type of packaging used.
Single packs can be drums or jerricans with removable or non-removable heads, with allowed capacities of between 60 litres and 450 litres. IPA can also be transported in IBC's (Intermediate Bulk Containers) and made from metal, rigid plastics and composite materials. These packagings carry larger volumes of materials generally up to 1,000 litres capacity. Tankers are used for IPA which must have bottom filling or bottom discharge points with three closures. Tanks must have a venting system fitted with a flame trap or must be explosion proof.
Isopropanol can be transported in vehicles ranging from small vehicles such as cans to large lorries and tankers. Whenever the load limits are exceeded, then vehicles must be marked according to applicable regulations. For ADR (which are the Transport Regulations governing Europe), Isopropanol has a load limit of 333 litres, above which marking is required.
It is important that drivers of vehicles carrying Isopropyl Alcohol have received appropriate training and are qualified to carry the goods in the amounts being transported. Emergency equipment should always be carried on the vehicle appropriate to the size of the load, which as a minimu, is generally a 2 milo fire extinguisher. When the load limits are exceeded, i.e. over 333 litres, then the vehicle must be equipped with the following:-
For crew members, each vehicle should be equipped with:-
When large spillages occur during transport, the emergency services should be informed and the area cordoned off to prevent access. other motorists need to be warned by the use of the warning triangles and crew members should be remain well away from the vehicle and incident site. Due to the Flammable nature of Isopropanol, it is important not to smoke during spillage clean-up operations and during the general transport of the substance.
http://www.isopropanol.co.uk/transporting-isopropanol | Saved Friday, November 18th, 2011 - 5:47 AM