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Isopropanol is one of the most widely used Solvents available on the market. It is a colourless liquid with a strong odour. In its pure state, Isopropanol is highly Flammable but this reduces when the material is diluted.
Isopropanol has a number of synonyms by which it is commonly known. These include Rubbing Alcohol, IPA, 2-Propanol, Propan-2-ol, Isopropyl Alcohol and the chemical formula C3H3O. All of these names refer to the same product.
Isopropanol is produced by combining water and Propylene, to create Isopropanol which has a SG (Specific Gravity) of 0.79. There are two methods of producing Isopropanol, the first being the direct hydration reaction method, which is the newer method of production. The second method of producing Isopropanol is known as the sulphonation reaction process. Full details of these two methods of Isopropanol production can be found on the Isopropanol Manufacture pages of this website.
The main concerns about Isopropanol safety relate to its flammability and the potential hazards it can present to the user through exposure via ingestion, skin contact or inhalation. Due to its highly Flammable nature, it is vital that Isopropanol is kept away from potential sources of ignition including static electricity, naked flames and sparks. Isopropanol is relatively non-Toxic and therefore is often considered to be a safer alternative to other Solvents such as Methanol or Ethylene Glycol.
However, long-term contact with the skin is very drying and causes de-fatting of the skin so protective gloves should always be worn when working with or handling this material. Isopropanol has a strong odour and should always be used in a well-ventilated area or under fume extraction where large quantities are being handled.
Isopropanol poisoning can occur from absorption, inhalation or ingestion and symptoms of Isopropanol poisoning include headaches, nausea and vomiting, dizziness and flushing. As Isopropanol causes depression of the central nervous system, long term exposure can result in anaesthesia and even coma.
Full details of Isopropanol Safety and Isopropanol Hazards, including actions to be taken in the event of a spillage and how to handle waste material, can be found on the pages of this website entitled Isopropanol Safety and Isopropanol Hazards.
Isopropanol has many and varied uses. It is often used as a general cleaner and solvent in industry and is a major ingredient in fuel additives. Isopropanol is used in aerosol form as a windscreen de-icer and can also be used in diluted form to fill car washer bottles in order to prevent freezing in cold weather.
Isopropanol is often used for the cleaning of electrical parts, for hi-fi equipment and for computers and computer-related equipment such as computer monitor screens, laptops and keyboards. Mobile phones can be cleaned using Isopropanol, as can electronic contact pins, CD's and DVD's. IPA can be used to clean paintballs before re-use. Propal-2-ol can also be used to impregnate cleaning wipes for the cleaning of computer, telephone and other related equipment. It is also used to remove traces of brake fluid from hydraulic brake systems.
Isopropyl Alcohol is widely used for preserving biological specimens and is considered a safer alternative to Formaldehyde. It is also used for sterilizing and in the preparation of sterilized wipes which may be impregnated with Isopropyl Alcohol. For further information on Isopropanol Uses and legislation concerning Isopropanol Labelling, Isopropanol Packaging and Transporting Isopropanol, please refer to the relevant pages of this website.
This is an information website about Isopropanol. All information is provided free of charge and you may use, copy, print and share any information contained in this website without our permission. Whilst we make every effort to ensure that the information concerning Isopropanol is kept up to date on this website, we cannot be held responsible for any circumstance arising from the information on this website being incorrect.
http://www.isopropanol.co.uk/ | Saved Friday, November 18th, 2011 - 5:42 AM